Chinese immigration to Canada
Soon after the structuring of Canadian Railways was done, in the 1880’s, the government wanted the Chinese to evacuate the Canadian territory and return to their old place. The history has witnessed a bitter truth regarding the Chinese immigration to Canada. The people who labored days and nights for years faced widespread discriminations, while staying back in Canada. For them it was a tough time; however, the Chinese people managed to accept the scenario of inequality and stayed back in the country. Today, Canada, the multi-cultural society, has offered people from various nations to stay back in their country.
The history of Chinese immigration to Canada
- The first immigration to Canada by the Chinese population
The first immigration took place way back in 1788, when a small group of Chinese people were employed at the Nootka Sound (presently in British Columbia) as shipwrights.
- During the Gold Rush
The next wave of migration was witnessed by the country in the year 1858, when a large group of Chinese residents stepped into the Colony of Vancouver Island. During the Fraser Canyon Rush, people migrated from California to this very place. Presently, the spot is known as Mainland Colony, the hometown of countless Chinese population.
- Immigration during Canadian Railway manufacturing
In 1880, while manufacturing Canadian Railways, the contractors appointed thousands of Chinese workers, who were shipped from China. More than 5000 employees landed on Canada as ‘guest-workers’. A total of 7000 mine workers were also hired from California. On demand, more workers were brought to successfully conclude the railway work. The payment discrimination was very prominent in this case.
After the work was completed, the Canadian Government imposed ‘The Chinese Immigration Act, 1885’. The act says, a Chinese person coming to Canada needs to pay $50 of ‘Head Tax’ to the Government. On its failure, the Government passed ‘The Chinese Immigration Act, 1990’ and imposed a tax of $100, which surged to $500 in the ‘The Chinese Immigration Act, 1903’.
Pre and post World War II
The Chinese people who migrated to Canada also contributed towards World War II on behalf of Canada, in 1937. Post World War II, the Canadian government withdrew the ‘Chinese Execution Act’ and offered the immigrants the Canadian citizenship in the year 1947. Well, the immigration was not barred, but was confined to some extent.
- The latest immigration in the 21st century
Chinese immigration to Canada was still the hot topic during the onset of 21st century. The people of Hong Kong found Canada a much suitable place to move into because of no stringent fixed quota system like the USA. During the span of five years (1991 to 1995), almost 30,000 people traveled to Canada annually. The majority occupied Toronto and Vancouver localities as their home city. However, following this, there was a sharp decline in the immigration number.
The political power
The Chinese-Canadian people are also getting involved in politics. The trend started in 1993, after Raymond Chan was named the first ethnic Chinese for the cabinet. After the political interference, the injustice and discrimination issues has plunged, while the leader issued a request for forgiveness and claimed to compensate for the head tax.
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