- The first immigration to Canada by the Chinese population
The first immigration took place way back in 1788, when a small group of Chinese people were employed at the Nootka Sound (presently in British Columbia) as shipwrights.
The next wave of migration was witnessed by the country in the year 1858, when a large group of Chinese residents stepped into the Colony of Vancouver Island. During the Fraser Canyon Rush, people migrated from California to this very place. Presently, the spot is known as Mainland Colony, the hometown of countless Chinese population.
- Immigration during Canadian Railway manufacturing
In 1880, while manufacturing Canadian Railways, the contractors appointed thousands of Chinese workers, who were shipped from China. More than 5000 employees landed on Canada as ‘guest-workers’. A total of 7000 mine workers were also hired from California. On demand, more workers were brought to successfully conclude the railway work. The payment discrimination was very prominent in this case.
After the work was completed, the Canadian Government imposed ‘The Chinese Immigration Act, 1885’. The act says, a Chinese person coming to Canada needs to pay $50 of ‘Head Tax’ to the Government. On its failure, the Government passed ‘The Chinese Immigration Act, 1990’ and imposed a tax of $100, which surged to $500 in the ‘The Chinese Immigration Act, 1903’.